While you may be familiar with petroleum as the basis for fossil fuel gasoline (and, perhaps to a lesser extent, the basic component of Vaseline), the industry responsible for collecting and refining the stuff is one of the biggest in the world. Petroleum is a major product and its production depends on many industry leaders like DCM Group construction industrielle throughout the world.Some studies indicate that more than 90 million global barrels are consumed daily.
With this in mind, let’s take a look at the 5 most common petroleum-based products (and how we use them in society today).
Probably the most widely-used petroleum-based product in the world today, gasoline is a transparent liquid distilled from fractional (fracked) crude oil. We use gasoline every single day as the fuel source for internal combustion engines found in automobiles, electrical generators, lawnmowers, and certain types of compressors.
Similarly, as combustible as gasoline, kerosene is also pretty common around the world today. Kerosene and gasoline contain hydrocarbons, which is also known as paraffin. The most common form of kerosene used today is in gas lamps, most often used for camping (or stored as potential emergency light sources), but can also be used for heating and cooking and even in some toys! Here’s something you probably didn’t know: kerosene is a primary ingredient in modern jet engine fuel!
Speaking of paraffin, petroleum can also be refined into a paraffin wax, which is used industrially as a lubricant. Manufacturers will use paraffin wax to make various types of waxing materials for floors, seals, surfboards, candles, and even to make things such as crayons and some cosmetics (as in “petroleum jelly”).
Classified by their viscosity (thickness), lubricating oils might be the most important thing in the manufacturing industry. All machines require lubrication to reduce friction between its various moving parts. Lubricating oils have different levels of both thermal and hydraulic stability; and also have a low freezing point. One characteristic of lubricating oils, specifically, is that they are composed of 90 percent base oil and only 10 percent additives.
You are probably also quite familiar with diesel as a fuel; and like gasoline, this fuel is petroleum-based. Or, rather, diesel is actually a derivative of petroleum, which is distilled by boiling petroleum at a higher temperature than you would when trying to make gasoline. Low in sulfur, diesel is used in various types of combustion engines.